Ethiopia is the home of the Arabica coffee gene pool (Coffea arabica rubiacaeae). Until today the country has an enormously big genetic diversity of the sort Arabica. One may claim that Ethiopia produces the best coffee of this sort. Presumably the use of the plant as stimulant is older than Ethiopian Christianity. First of all, tea was prepared from the leaves of the plant, as it is still popular in parts of South Ethiopia today. Arabica is regarded as the most high-quality bean. For this reason it is preferred in the cultivation and cultivated in small plantations in most of the tropical countries for export purposes today; unlike the heat-resistant and faster growing coffee sort Robusta Arabica is characterized by a more sophisticated taste and a slightly lower caffeine content. The legends of origin of coffee have survived, which were orally passed on by oriental storytellers. The mostly believed and distributed original legend of coffee is the one of the shepherd Kaldi. According to this, the shepherd moved into the mountain forests of Abyssinia, today’s Ethiopia, with his goats playing the flute. Normally Kaldi called his goats back into the village with a few trills at dusk. However, one evening he did this in vain and had to search for the goats. He encountered the goats collecting around a few bushes with bright green leaves and red fruits. Although it was late, the goats were jumping around like made and were bleating hilariously. The shepherd thought that the goats were bewitched. On the next day the goats were in a hurry and wanted to go to the bushes with the red fruits again. The shepherd Kaldi followed his herd and nibbled at the leaves. Although they tasted bitter, he sensed a pleasant, week tingling in his entire body. After that the shepherd also tried the fruits and got the feeling that he will never be tired again. On the same evening he told his father about it and the news spread like a bush fire. The inhabitants of the old kingdom Kaffa in Ethiopia began to make a kind of tea from the leaves and fruits. These gave the drink the name “Qahwa“, which entered as “coffee“ into the most languages worldwide. Coffee was mentioned for the first time in writing in the 10th century by the Arabian physician Rhazes. It is assumed, however, that the bushes were already cultivated before. Another legend says that the prophet Mohammed, who lived 570 until 632 after Christ, was an enthusiastic “Qahwa“ drinker. He mainly used the drink in order to stay awake for his nocturnal prayers.